The Russian Museum of Ethnography is the only museum in the world to present the traditional cultures of the peoples inhabiting Russia and the neighboring countries of Europe and Asia. It is on a par with Russia's largest ethnographic museums for its vast collections. Alongside material relics, it collects and preserves books, manuscripts, drawings, photographs, and negatives. In 1986, the Russian Museum of Ethnography received the status of the top- ranking research institution, and in 1991 it was entered in the Russian Federation's State Register of Especially Valuable Objects of Cultural Heritage.
Today, the museum has a stock of over half a million material relics, of which about a half are object of the traditional cultures of peoples that inhabited the former Russian Empire and the adjoining territories in Asia and Europe. Most of the ethnographic relics comprising the museum's collection span the period between the nineteenth and the first quarter of the twentieth century; there are, however, a number of earlier artifacts, dating from the sixteenth through the eighteenth century, and an array of more recent items, including contemporary articles.
The museum's collection of negatives and photographs includes over 185,000 items, the earliest of which date back to the 1860s. The main source of augmenting this collection was field photography carried out during expeditions by ethnographers or professional photographers commissioned by the museum.
The exhibition features the masterpieces of folk carpet making from the unique collection of the Russian Museum of Ethnology.
Since the Middle Ages ornaments of silver and other metals have been indispensable accessories of festive-ritual costume, especially the woman one among all the peoples of Baltic region. In the 19th century the jewelry of Estonians, Setos, and Latvians distinguished by particular originality of their design.
In 2002 the Russian Museum of Ethnography celebrated its centenary. One hundred years ago, Nicholas II issued His Highest Edict calling for the establishment of the Russian Museum, the main department of which was planned as a memorial to Alexander III. A special building was erected for the Memorial and Ethnographic sections.
The exhibition, based on unique materials from the collections of the Russian Museum of Ethnography, introduces a visitor to a new and at the same time a long studied field of anthropology of war, the meeting point of cultural anthropology and ethnography.
The exhibition presents a unique collection of headdresses, belonged to the peoples of Eastern Europe, Far North, the Volga region, Siberia, Central Asia and the Caucasus, and dated from the middle of the 17th - 20th centuries.
The Museum’s collection of traditional Russian artifacts from the eighteenth to the first quarter of the twentieth century depicts in detail the themes of love and marriage in the patriarchal society of old Russian peasant villages.The Museum’s collection of traditional Russian artifacts from the eighteenth to the first quarter of the twentieth century depicts in detail the themes of love and marriage in the patriarchal society of old Russian peasant villages.
Footwear from the collection of the Russian Museum of Ethnography
For centuries “the noble Bukhara”, one of the most ancient and beautiful cities of Central Asia, was considered to be the second Mecca of the Islamic world.
Clothes and Adornments of the Peoples of the Volga and the Urals
The exhibition «Flax circle” is dedicated to traditional activities of the Slavs related to flax processing and its place in constant dialogue between the human world and the world of material objects created and used by man.