The culture of everyday life in the Central Asian cities
Together with Asia Minor, Mesopotamia and the alluvial valleys of the Nile, Indus and Juan-che, Central Asia should be considered one of the major urban civilization genesis centers. Cities first appeared on this territory in the Bronze Age (III millennium B.C.) and from that moment the city has played enormous role in the life of Central Asian peoples. For millennia it has been a place of cultural exchange between nomadic and sedentary peoples as well as commercial center between rural and urban residents. The city was an urban protocol, which shaped the ethno-cultural image of the region as late as in the 20th century. Some of the cities, emerged in ancient times, have successfully survived till the present day, for instance, the city of Samarkand (known from 329 B.C. as Maracanda in ancient records), which shared history not only with Tamerlane, but also Alexander the Great.
Every Central Asian city was always an administrative center of certain rank and place, where dignitaries and military nobility were concentrated. These with clergymen, craftsmen and merchants formed the general stratification of city.
Religion From the time Islam was established of the in Central Asia in VII A.D., the Central Asian cities have played the role of Islamic religious and educative centers. Brought by the Arabian conquerors and highly resented at first, the Moslem religion with time became a major factor in shaping the ethnocultural image of the region.