From the White sea to the Bering Сhannel

D. Baranov

The aim of the project is the ethnological examination of the contact inhabiting zones of the ethnoses of Russia in the extreme natural conditions, study of the mechanisms of the cultural adaptation to these conditions, ethnic auto- and hetero-stereotypes and features of the ethnic and local self-consciousness.

The general idea is the concept of the Boarder: ethno-cultural (contact inhabit ting zones of different ethnoses), ethno-confessional (contact inhabiting zones of different confessional groups - Orthodox and Old Believers, Christian and Pagans, etc), natural (land/water, plain/mountain, taiga/tundra, taiga/steppe). This assumes cross-cultural comparison of different ethnic traditions.

Owing to the technical support of the "Laboratory HPP" (land rovers, tractors, jeeps) the route of each expedition goes through the regions which are the most difficult of access and where local groups of population live. Since 2003 several expeditions to the Kola Peninsula, White Sea Coast, Pineg river (Archangelsk area), Vaksha river (Komi, Archangelsk area), Kanin Peninsula (Nenet national region, Archangel area).

Work of the northern division (2 ethnologists, 1 director and 1 sound technician) of the expedition to the Kola Peninsula took place in the village Krasnoshel'e from December 28, 2004 to January 7, 2005. The expedition was to solve 2 tasks: a) shoot the ethnographic documentary and b) collect text materials on the Program "Local groups of the inhabitants of the Russian North". As a result more than 20 hours of the ethnographic interviewing of the informants, funeral and calendar rituals, traditional winter fishing, performing of the funeral songs have been shot.