Collection of Relics of Culture of the Peoples of Siberia and Far East

Valentina Gorbachova

The Far North-East (Chukotka and Kamchatka) is popu­lated by the Asian Eskimo, the Aleut and the Maritime Chukchi, who hunt marine life, by the Tundra Chukchi and the Koryak, who are reindeer herders, and by the Itelmen, who are fishermen. The big river valleys in the south of the Far East (Primorye, or the Maritime Territory, the Amur valley and Sakhalin) are inhabited by fishers the Nivkh, the Nanai, the Ulchi, the Oroch, the Orok and the Negidal, and also by hunters, the Udeghe.

South Siberia is the land of herdsmen and crop farmers: the Altai, the Tuvan, the Khakas, the Shor, the Tofalar and the Buriat.

Western Siberia, rich in oil and gas, is home to the Khanty and Mansi fishers, the Selkup hunters, and the Nenets reindeer herdsmen. The Nganasan deer-hunters, together with the Dolgan and Entsy reindeer herdsmen, inhabit the Taimyr Peninsula in the north of Eastern Siberia. Hunting communities of the Evenk are scattered all over Eastern Siberia, whereas the Yukaghir hunters and fishermen and the Even reindeer herdsmen live on the boundary between that territory and the North-East. The central part of Eastern Siberia and the western part of North-Eastern Siberia are inhabited by the Yakut, the second largest group in that region and the world's northernmost community of horse-breeders.