Caucasus and Crimea. Characteristic of the region
Collections of relics of culture of the Caucasian and Crimean peoples
Culture of the Caucasus and Crimea are the most interesting regarding ethnography Europe region. Objects of the Caucasian and Crimean art and culture began to enter the Russian Museum of Ethnography in the first years of its existence. The first Caucasian collection was registered in the Museum in 1903. None less interesting then Caucasian collection is Crimean collection which entered the Museum from All- Russian Handicraft Exhibition of 1902.
The development of the Caucasian collection was in full conformity with the objectives assigned to Russian museums in the late XIX and XX century and in particular to the Alexander’s III Russian Museum with the Ethnographic Department. In the opinion of the scholars that were the founding fathers of national museums, a museum containing ethnographic exhibits should serve certain purposes. This sort of museum is a powerful mean of attaining a national consciousness presenting Russia in its ethnographic diversity in the light of its national and state idea. Studies of non-Slavonic peoples should promote comparative research into Russia’s ethnography and demonstrate the sphere of Russia’s cultural and political influence in the East.
Throughout the Museum’s history the development of the Caucasus collections has been in tune with that facet of the national idea which regarded the real life in Russian provinces as more important than the ostentation and the cultural predominance of the centre. Naturally, the work of the Museum’s researchers of the Caucasus always reflected the current ideas in learning and society. Museum collections are the most important source for studying traditions and contemporary situation in Caucasus and Crime as distinctive territory with the peculiar historic and national colour.