Ceramic vessels. Russians. Gzhel. Moscow Province. Late 19th century.
The works of famous Gzhel craftsmen are true rarities. The vessel in shape of eagle with spread wings and two kvass containers of archaic disc shape show the technique and artistic features which are distinctive for production of this famous ceramic center.
The history of the Gzhel ceramic art is linked with production of the first Russian ceramic manufacture owned by Afanasy Grebentschekov in Moscow where the peasants from the nearby Gzhel district worked. Returning to their homes they opened small ceramic workshops, where they made pottery of specific shape and colors in accordance to particular technology. In the late XVIII century the Gzhel “black” (unglazed) and glazed pottery of common pot clay was already known. Later they were replaced by much finer majolica, semi-faience, and faience with polychrome painting on the white ground.
Usually the Gzhel works were commissioned, presented as gifts and used in wealthy families. They are renowned and highly valued all over the world up to our days.