Mandala «13 deity of the Shri Vajrabhairava» - decoration of the Buddhist altar. China. Syno-Tibetian school. Early 19th cen. РЭМ. (3764)
The Mandala of 13 Deities in the Sphere of Sri Vajrabhairava belongs to the type of tridimensional mandalas symbolizing transcendental worlds of yi-dams. It is a model produced in the form of a palace surrounded with concentric circles inside which vajras- ritual object to symbolize both the properties of a diamond (indestructibility) and thunderbolt (irresistible force) - Eight Great Cemeteries , and the ring of lotus pools were set. The Vajrabhairava manadalla was created in Beijing in the 19th century to the order of Kalmykian Buddhists as a sacred object to be placed on the altar as a object of worship.
According to the ritual practices tridimensional mandala used to be destroyed. Due to a fact that it was a gift, the mandala was kept as a monument of the sacral art. The delegation of the Don Kalmuks offered this mandala to Russian Emperor Nicholas II. Offering of a mandala was a sign of the highest tribute to the monarch.